The Simple Properties and Purposes of a Geothermal Heat Pump

What pretty much all people say they like best about a geothermal heating and cooling system is that it has almost no moving parts. There’s just that much less that can get screwed up– that much less requiring maintenance. And that alone plays a significant role in reducing the overall energy costs of Kansas City homeowners who’ve gone geothermal.

 

That said, the system does have some moving parts. the bulk of them are found in its most important component, too: the geothermal heat pump.

This is the system’s workhorse. Its job is to transfer heat. And it transfers heat either from the ground into your house or from your house into the ground, depending on ambient temperatures. As such, it’s a furnace and an air conditioner combined in one compact package.

The medium by which a heat pump transfers heat is either water or an antifreeze solution. This liquid courses through loops of underground pipes to which the heat pump is linked above ground. During heating season the liquid draws heat from the ground, the heat pump draws the warm liquid up into refrigerant coils, and the heat is then is circulated throughout a home by way of either a forced air or a hydronic system. During cooling season the exact opposite happens: the pump draws heat from your home and transfers it underground via those same buried loops. Oh, and somewhere in all this, many geothermal systems also provide domestic hot water.

The crucial difference between a geothermal heat pump and a standard furnace is that a heat pump doesn’t burn fuel to generate heat. No, indeed, it takes heat that’s already there and just moves it around. That naturally makes it a much more efficient heating and cooling system. Be aware of this, too: underground temperatures almost always hold at around 50º F through the year. And that means? A geothermal heating and cooling system uses significantly less energy to cool your home than regular air conditioners.

So … is a geothermal system what’s needed for your Kansas City home? Talk with this area’s geothermal experts, the friendly people at ECS Geothermal, Inc.